During this period the
placenta, the organ that transmits nutrients from
the mother to the baby, develops.
A primitive form of the face
develops during this phase with dark circles for
eyes. Baby’s mouth, lower jaw and throat also take
shape during this time. Blood cells get formed and
allow circulation to begin.
By the end of first month, the baby
is about 6-7mm long.
Facial features continue to grow. A
small fold of the skin appears on either side of the
head which become ears. Little buds emerge to become
arms and legs at a later phase. Fingers, toes, and
eyes begin to form during the second month
The neural tube is well formed. The
digestive tract and sensory organs show signs of
growth. Bone begins to replace cartilage. The embryo
also begins to move but the mother cannot feel it
By the end of second month, the
embryo becomes a foetus and is almost 2.5 cm long
and weighs about 9.4 grams.
Towards the end of this month the
baby is fully formed with arms, hands, fingers,
feet, and toes. The baby can also open and close its
fists and mouth. Nails tend to develop and the ears
get form. Your baby's reproductive organs also
develop. The circulatory and urinary systems are
working and the liver starts to produce bile.
By this time, the baby is about 7 -
10 cm long and weighs about 28 grams.
In the second trimester of
pregnancy, fingers and toes are fully developed. The
eyelids, eyebrows, eyelashes, nails, and hair form,
and teeth and bones are becoming denser. The baby
can suck thumb, yawn, stretch, and even make
The nervous system is
beginning to function at this point in pregnancy.
The reproductive organs and genitalia are now fully
developed. The baby's heartbeat may now be audible
The baby is now about 6
inches and weighs almost 4 ounces.
Hair begins to grow on
baby's head. The baby's skin is covered with a
coating known as vernix caseosa. This is shed just
prior to birth. The mother is likely to feel the
baby’s movements during this phase.
By the end of the 5th month,
the baby is 10 inches long and weighs from 1/2 to 1
The baby’s skin is red &
wrinkled. Veins become visible through the skin. The
eyelids begin to part and the eyes open. The baby is
likely to respond to sounds through movements.
The baby now weighs about 2
pounds and is 12 inches long.
During this month, fat
begins to be deposited on your baby. The baby's
hearing is fully developed. The baby may also
respond to stimuli such as sound, pain, and
The baby is nearly 14 inches
long and could weigh from about two to four
Baby continues to grow and
have body fat reserves. The mother may feel more
‘kicks’ during this phase. The brain is develops at
a fast phase, and the baby can clearly see and hear.
Most internal systems are formed, but the lungs are
not fully grown.
The baby is now about 18
inches long and weighs as much as about five
Towards the end of the third
trimester, the baby continues to mature. The lungs
are almost fully developed. Your baby's reflexes are
coordinated and can blink, shut the eyes, turn the
head, grasp, and also react to sounds, light, and
The baby's position changes
to get ready for the delivery.
By this time, the baby is
about 18 to 20 inches long and weighs about seven