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Breast Cancer

The most commonly heard type of cancer in women is, Breast Cancer! Every women is more enthusiastic in checking the common signs of breast cancer is breast lumps or tumors. But apart from these common signs, there are also uncommon signs of breast cancer that we usually overlook. Gaining knowledge on the rare signs of breast cancer is always helpful for you. This avoids late diagnosis in advanced stages of cancer. After all an early detection helps in avoiding extensive, painful treatments and also improves the quality of life by reducing the painful days that you suffer while undergoing cancer therapy.

Be watchful about the rare signs of breast cancer

Sharp Pain in the upper back

If there is a sharp pain in the upper back that seems to originate from the deeper bones, then it could be an early sign of breast cancer. Remember! Not all upper back pains are considered to be the sign of breast cancer, the pain may also start due to any other underlying conditions.

If the pain subsides after a stretching exercises or physiotherapy, then it would not be a breast cancer sign. Although if the pain remains as such even after physiotherapy then it could be a cause of concern.

Breast pain which is abnormal

Every woman feel the pain in their breast at some or the other point of time in their lives. A general pain in the breasts during the menstruation can be normal. But if the pain is specific and continuous that can be an alarming sign of breast cancer. Therefore, you must understand the difference between what is normal and what is abnormal for you. This helps you identify the pain and lets you understand that you are in need of a medical attention.

Changes in the breast skin

Do check your breasts in the mirror? Doing so will help you in identifying any changes in the breast skin. If any sort of red spots or rashes are noticed then it could be an early sign of inflammatory breast cancer. Flaky skin on the nipple and a discharge from the nipple without any stimulation can be the uncommon warning signs of breast cancer.

Also, check for any dimpling or asymmetry in the breast when you raise or stretch your arms. If anything is found abnormal you must check it out with the healthcare provider.

Sense of Tenderness in the armpits

Tenderness in the armpits can be a sign of breast cancer. Breast cancer in early stages metastasizes to the axillary lymph nodes that are present in the armpits. Swollen lymph nodes could definitely indicate the presence of a tumor in the breast. Therefore, if you find any discomfort, pain or tenderness in the armpits, you can doubt it as an uncommon sign of breast cancer and visit the healthcare provider for the further diagnosis.

By the presented information, you will now be able to point out the uncommon signs of breast cancer. Many of these signs are left unnoticed or overlooked and neglected, assuming them to be normal. However, realizing that those can be the signs of breast cancer can help you visit the healthcare provider in a right time, which helps in right diagnosis and right treatment.

Cervical cancer

The fourth common type of cancer in women is cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is considered as the fourth most common cancer in the women. Cervical cancer affects the cervix by damaging the lining of the cervical membrane. Like in any type of cancer uncontrolled growth of cells is common in cervical cancer too. Cervical cancer can be prevented by undergoing regular screening tests. As early diagnosis can increase the effectiveness of the treatment and improves the quality of life in the patient as well.

Symptoms:

Cervical cancer would not showcase any symptoms in its early stage. However in developing stages it may manifest symptoms such as:

  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Bloody vaginal discharge
  • Abdominal and Pelvic pain
  • Causes

    Human papilloma virus (HPV) infections are known to cause most of the cervical cancers. However some types of HPV can cause skin or genital warts but not cervical cancer.

  • Cervical cancer can also be caused due to changes or mutations in the genetic materials.
  • Cervical cancer can also be metastatic and invade the rest of the body.
  • The two types of cervical cancer include:

  • Squamous cell carcinoma affects the outer lining of the cervix. More than 80 percent of the cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinomas.
  • Adenocarcinoma develops in the mucus secreting glands located in the outer part of the cervix.
  • Risk factors:

    The following factors can increase the chance of developing cervical cancer:
  • Smoking
  • Malnutrition
  • Overweight
  • Family history of cancer
  • Long-term use of oral contraceptives
  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
  • Diagnosis

    Screening tests:It is recommended that cervical cancers can be helpful in preventing cervical cancers.

    Pap test: During the procedure, the doctor scrapes and brushes the cervix cells and then evaluates for the presence of any check abnormalities.

    HPV DNA test: The test involves examining the cervix cells for any HPV infection

    Diagnostic tests:

    Your doctor orders for certain diagnostic tests if cervical cancer is suspected, the test includes:

    Punch biopsy: This diagnostic procedure involves collection of small tissues from the cervix and identifying them for the cancerous growths.

    Endocervical curettage: The endocervical curettage uses a small, spoon-shaped instrument to scrape the tissue from the cervix.

    Surgery:

    Surgery can be recommended depending on the severity of the cancer. The types of surgeries include:

  • Cryotherapy: Cryotherapy involves destruction of abnormal cervical cells by freezing.
  • Laser ablation: A surgical laser is used to remove the cancerous tissue.
  • Cone biopsy: Cone biopsy involves removing of cone-shaped part of the cervix.
  • Hysterectomy: Hysterectomy involves removal of cervix and uterus.
  • Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams that destroy the cancer cells. Radiation therapy can be given externally or internally.

    Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves certain anti-cancer medications to treat cervical cancer. Chemotherapy is given in cycles for specific period.

    Prevention

    Following certain preventive measures will minim eth risk of developing cervical cancer,

  • Practicing safe sex
  • Smoking cessation
  • Undergoing regular Pap tests
  • Getting vaccinated against HPV
    • Breast Cancer

      The most commonly heard type of cancer in women is, Breast Cancer! Every women is more enthusiastic in checking the common signs of breast cancer is breast lumps or tumors. But apart from these common signs, there are also uncommon signs of breast cancer that we usually overlook. Gaining knowledge on the rare signs of breast cancer is always helpful for you. This avoids late diagnosis in advanced stages of cancer. After all an early detection helps in avoiding extensive, painful treatments and also improves the quality of life by reducing the painful days that you suffer while undergoing cancer therapy.

    • Sharp Pain in the upper back

      If there is a sharp pain in the upper back that seems to originate from the deeper bones, then it could be an early sign of breast cancer. Remember! Not all upper back pains are considered to be the sign of breast cancer, the pain may also start due to any other underlying conditions.

      If the pain subsides after a stretching exercises or physiotherapy, then it would not be a breast cancer sign. Although if the pain remains as such even after physiotherapy then it could be a cause of concern.

    • Breast pain which is abnormal

      Every woman feel the pain in their breast at some or the other point of time in their lives. A general pain in the breasts during the menstruation can be normal. But if the pain is specific and continuous that can be an alarming sign of breast cancer. Therefore, you must understand the difference between what is normal and what is abnormal for you. This helps you identify the pain and lets you understand that you are in need of a medical attention.

    • Changes in the breast skin

      Do check your breasts in the mirror? Doing so will help you in identifying any changes in the breast skin. If any sort of red spots or rashes are noticed then it could be an early sign of inflammatory breast cancer. Flaky skin on the nipple and a discharge from the nipple without any stimulation can be the uncommon warning signs of breast cancer.

      Also, check for any dimpling or asymmetry in the breast when you raise or stretch your arms. If anything is found abnormal you must check it out with the healthcare provider.

    • Sense of Tenderness in the armpits

      Tenderness in the armpits can be a sign of breast cancer. Breast cancer in early stages metastasizes to the axillary lymph nodes that are present in the armpits. Swollen lymph nodes could definitely indicate the presence of a tumor in the breast. Therefore, if you find any discomfort, pain or tenderness in the armpits, you can doubt it as an uncommon sign of breast cancer and visit the healthcare provider for the further diagnosis.

      By the presented information, you will now be able to point out the uncommon signs of breast cancer. Many of these signs are left unnoticed or overlooked and neglected, assuming them to be normal. However, realizing that those can be the signs of breast cancer can help you visit the healthcare provider in a right time, which helps in right diagnosis and right treatment.

    • Cervical cancer

      The fourth common type of cancer in women is cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is considered as the fourth most common cancer in the women. Cervical cancer affects the cervix by damaging the lining of the cervical membrane. Like in any type of cancer uncontrolled growth of cells is common in cervical cancer too. Cervical cancer can be prevented by undergoing regular screening tests. As early diagnosis can increase the effectiveness of the treatment and improves the quality of life in the patient as well.

    • Symptoms:

      Cervical cancer would not showcase any symptoms in its early stage. However in developing stages it may manifest symptoms such as:

      Vaginal bleeding
      Bloody vaginal discharge
      Abdominal and Pelvic pain
    • Causes

      Human papilloma virus (HPV) infections are known to cause most of the cervical cancers. However some types of HPV can cause skin or genital warts but not cervical cancer.

      Cervical cancer can also be caused due to changes or mutations in the genetic materials.
      Cervical cancer can also be metastatic and invade the rest of the body.
    • The two types of cervical cancer include:

      Squamous cell carcinoma affects the outer lining of the cervix. More than 80 percent of the cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinomas.
      Adenocarcinoma develops in the mucus secreting glands located in the outer part of the cervix.
    • Risk factors:

      The following factors can increase the chance of developing cervical cancer:
      Smoking
      Malnutrition
      Overweight
      Family history of cancer
      Long-term use of oral contraceptives
      Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
    • Diagnosis

      Screening tests:It is recommended that cervical cancers can be helpful in preventing cervical cancers.

      Pap test: During the procedure, the doctor scrapes and brushes the cervix cells and then evaluates for the presence of any check abnormalities.

      HPV DNA test: The test involves examining the cervix cells for any HPV infection

    • Diagnostic tests:

      Your doctor orders for certain diagnostic tests if cervical cancer is suspected, the test includes:

      Punch biopsy: This diagnostic procedure involves collection of small tissues from the cervix and identifying them for the cancerous growths.

      Endocervical curettage: The endocervical curettage uses a small, spoon-shaped instrument to scrape the tissue from the cervix.

    • Surgery:

      Surgery can be recommended depending on the severity of the cancer. The types of surgeries include:

      Cryotherapy: Cryotherapy involves destruction of abnormal cervical cells by freezing.
      Laser ablation: A surgical laser is used to remove the cancerous tissue.
      Cone biopsy: Cone biopsy involves removing of cone-shaped part of the cervix.
      Hysterectomy: Hysterectomy involves removal of cervix and uterus.
    • Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams that destroy the cancer cells. Radiation therapy can be given externally or internally.

      Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves certain anti-cancer medications to treat cervical cancer. Chemotherapy is given in cycles for specific period.

    • Prevention

      Following certain preventive measures will minim eth risk of developing cervical cancer,

      Practicing safe sex
      Smoking cessation
      Undergoing regular Pap tests
      Getting vaccinated against HPV